3. Notes and Literature

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>>Appendix

Notes

0. Introduction

[1] Stephen King: King Task Force Interview, November 21, 2001, p. 19 et seq
[2] Peter Moog: Fink/Mathias, Never Forget, p. 80
[3] Lynn Spencer: Cf. Spencer, Touching History, ch. 8, 10, 14, 15

1. The rumour of the third plane

[1] Richard Bylicki: Bylicki Request For Department Recognition, Actions Taken On September 11th, 2001, June 19, 2003; Tim Brown: Brown Task Force Interview, January 15, 2002; see also MTI Report, p. 15, see also Merrill, 9/11 Ordinary People, p. 99 et seq; Operation Tripod: MTI Report, p. 15; Testimony of Rudolph Giuliani before the 9/11 Commission, May 19, 2004; NYC OEM Press Release, Tripod, May 22, 2002; “443 mph”: NIST NCSTAR 1-2B (2005), p. lxii, table E-3 & p. 166, Table 7-3
‘[2] “Rotanz … evacuation”: Bylicki Request For Department Recognition, Actions Taken On September 11th, 2001, June 19, 2003; Richard Sheirer: 9/11 Commission Sheirer MFR, April 7, 2004, p. 6
[3] “Since 08:50 …”: 9/11 CR, p. 293; Richard Sheirer: 9/11 Commission Sheirer MFR, April 7, 2004; Testimony of Richard Sheirer before the 9/11 Commission, May 18, 2004; 9/11 CR, p. 293
[4] Abo Nahmod: Nahmod Task Force Interview, October 11, 2001; Richard Zarillo: Zarillo Task Force Interview, October 25, 2001; John Peruggia: Peruggia Task Foce Interview, October 25, 2001; Mark Stone: Stone Task Force Interview, October 12, 2001; see also Dywer, Flynn, 102 Minutes, p. 203
[5] Ray Goldbach: Goldbach Task Force Interview, October 24, 2001; Thomas Von Essen: Fink/Mathias, Never Forget, p. 230; Testimony of Thomas Von Essen before the 9/11 Commission, May 18, 2004; 9/11 Commission Von Essen MFR, April 7, 2004; Von Essen, Strong of Heart, p. 26; Wachtendorf, Improvising 9/11, p. 79
[6] Peter Hayden: Hayden Task Force Interview, October 23, 2001; Hayden Interview Firehouse Magazine, April 2002; Joseph Pfeifer: Pfeifer Task Force Interview, October 23, 2001; Fire Engineering Magazine, World Trade Center Disaster: Initial Response, August 2002; Pfeifer, First Chief on the Scene, Fire Engineering 155 (9); Albert Turi: Turi Task Force Interview, October 23, 2001; John Snow: Snow Task Force Interview, January 13, 2002; the Command Post in the Lobby of the North Tower is also captured in the video recordings from Jules Clément and Thomas Gédéon Naudet; cf. also Callan Task Force Interview, November 2, 2001
[7] Joseph Callan: Callan Task Force Interview, November 2, 2001; Thomas Fitzpatrick: Fitzpatrick Task Force Interview, October 1, 2001, p. 31; “CWTC-4D radio channel”: McKinsey FDNY Report, p. 32; “at 09:32”: 9/11 CR, p. 299; Greg Hansson: Hansson Task Force Interview, October 9, 2001, p. 8; “All units …”: Jim Dwyer, Kevin Flynn & Ford Fessenden, 9/11 Exposed Deadly Flaws In Rescue Plan, New York Times July 7, 2002; “Noone answers him”: McKinsey FDNY Report, p. 32
[8] Walter Kowalzyk: Kowalzyk Task Force Interview, October 16, 2001, p. 6; Lynn Tierney: Tierney Task Force Interview, October 29, 2001, p. 10
[9] Edward Cachia: Cachia Task Force Interview, December 6, 2001; Daniel Nigro: Nigro Task Force Interview, October 24, 2001
[10] John Malley: Malley Task Force Interview, December 12, 2001; Kevin Gorman: Gorman Task Force Interview, January 9, 2002; David Blacksberg: Blacksberg Task Force Interview, October 23, 2001; for further references to the third plane cf. Brian Fitzpatrick Task Force Interview, December 6, 2001; Stanley Ruback Task Force Interview, December 7, 2001; Steven Wright Task Force Interview, December 10, 2001; John Ceriello Task Force Interview, December 17, 2001; James Ippolito Task Force Interview, December 13, 2001; Keith Murphy Task Force Interview, December 5, 2001; Joseph Galasso Task Force Interview, December 12, 2001; Jarjean Felton Task Force Interview, October 10, 2001; Russell Harris Task Force Interview, October 9, 2001
[11] Lynn Tierney: Tierney Task Force Interview, October 29, 2001; John Casaligi: Casaligi Task Force Interview, January 9, 2002; Stephen Gregory: Gregory Task Force Interview, October 3, 2001; James Murphy: Murphy Task Force Interview, December 12, 2001
[12] Greg Semendinger: NYPD Special Operations Division Transcript, Tape 1; Dwyer/Flynn, 102 Minutes, p. 130, 181 et seq
[13] Hector Santiago: Fink/Mathias, Never Forget, p. 107, 111; Bernard Kerik: 9/11 Commission Kerik MFR, April 6, 2004; Testimony of Bernard Kerik before the 9/11 Commission, May 18, 2004; Kerik, The Lost Son, p. 333 et seq; Miller/Stone/Mitchell, The Cell, p. 14; Joe Esposito: Fink/Mathias, Never Forget, p. 115; “bridges and tunnels closed”: 9/11 Commission Joseph Morris MFR, November 10, 2003; McKinsey NYPD Report, p. 50; 9/11 CR, p. 302; PANYNJ Phone Clerk Extra Tape, ch. 26 (Transcript 30), p. 10, 14; PANYNJ Sgt´s Desk Tape, ch. 23 (Transcript 28), p. 19, 23; PANYNJ Newark Radio tape, ch. 26 (Transcript 16), p. 9
[14] Cliff Allen: Appel, The First Reponders, p. 79 et seq
[15] Joseph Morris: Testimony of Joseph Morris before the 9/11 Commission, May 18, 2004, p. 3; “a police officer”: PANYNJ Radio Channel W – Police, ch. 26 (Transkript 47), p. 22; “the Port Authority’s lines”: PANYNJ Radio Trainmaster Tape, ch. 21 (Transcript 10), p. 19 et seq; cf. also PANYNJ Newark Radio tape, ch. 26 (Transcript 16), p. 16
[16]: Pasquale Russo: Russo PANYNJ Memorandum, December 28, 2001, in: Port Authority (PA) Police Reports Group 2, p. 75; Vasquenz PANYNJ Memorandum, December 22, 2001, in: PA Police Reports Group 2, p. 76 et seq.; Mark Roman: Roman PANYNJ Memorandum, January 2, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 3, p. 92; Thomas Bomengo: Bomengo PANYNJ Memorandum, March 9, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 4, p. 22; Ronald Snyder: Snyder PANYNJ Memorandum, March 4, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 4, p. 45
[17] William Ross: Ross PANYNJ Memorandum, March 14, 2002, in : PA Police Reports Group 1, p. 45; Timothy Norris: Norris PANYNJ Memorandum, January 4, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 2, p. 74 et seq
[18] Roger Fernandez: Fernandez PANYNJ Memorandum, January 4, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 2, p. 70
[19] Julian Hampden: Hampden PANYNJ Memorandum, November 10, 2001, in: PA Police Reports Group 2, p. 101; Dennis Stafford: Stafford PANYNJ Memorandum, March 4, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 1, p. 79; Aaron Greenstein: Greenstein PANYNJ Memorandum, December 9, 2001, in: PA Police Reports Group 1, p. 97
[20] Ladder 15: Port Authority Audio Repeater Transcript, p. 8; Jeffrey Gold, Firefighters´ Last Moments Recorded, Associated Press November 16, 2002; “located at … WTC 5”: NIST NCSTAR 1-8 (2008), p. 130
[21] “Disregard”: Appel, The First Responders, p. 81; Mike Curtin: Appel, The First Responders, p. 72 et seq; Murphy: September 11, p. 157; Greg Semendinger: NYPD Special Operations Division Transcript, Tape 1
[22] LaGuardia (LGA) Airport Transcript, ch. 38; PANYNJ Newark Radio tape, ch. 26 (Transcript 16), p. 16; WPIX: NIST FOIA 09-42, release 14
[23] “In the official reports …”: McKinsey FDNY Report, p. 32; 9/11 CR, p. 299, 305; MTI Report, p. 32
[24] Dwyer/Flynn: Dwyer/Flynn, 102 Minutes, p. 181 et seq
[25] Timothy Hoppey: Hoppey Task Force Interview, December 4, 2001, p. 9
[26] WTC 7 Evacuation: NIST NCSTAR 1-8 (2005), p. 21, 165; McKinsey FDNY Report, p. 38; 9/11 CR, p. 321; MTI Report, p. 10; Kendra/Wachtendorf, Elements of Community Resilience; also cf. Kendra/Wachtendorf, Creativity in Emergency Response
[27] Barrett/Collins: Barett/Collins, Grand Illusion, p. 32 et seq
[28] Bill Beaury: Appel, The First Responders, p. 72 et seq.; Murphy, September 11, p. 157; MTI Report, p. 16; Aviation 6: NYPD Special Operations Division Transcript, Tape 1; Dwyer/Flynn, 102 Minutes, p. 182; FAA-Tapes: LaGuardia Recorder Tape Ch. 38 Transcript, p. 5
[29] “When was …?”: 9/11 CR, p. 305; NIST NCSTAR 1-8 (2005), p. 109; NIST NCSTAR 1A (2008), p. 16
[30] Barry Jennings: For an accounting of all relevant aspects of Jennings testimony, see the commented media source collection at History Commons – be aware that the commentary is biased in enmity to an innocent explanation of Jennings´ experiences, and in favour of his own timeline.
[31] NIST NCSTAR 1-8 (2005), p. 109; John Peruggia: Peruggia Task Force Interview, October 15, 2001; Abdo Nahmod: Nahmod Task Force Interview, October 11, 2001; Mike Catalano: 9/11 Commission Catalano MFR, January 16, 2004; Glenn Asaeda: Asaeda Task Force Interview, October 11, 2001; Michael Guttenberg: Guttenberg Task Force Interview, October 20, 2001; Manuel Delgado: Delgado Task Force Interview, October 2, 2001; Mark Stone: Stone Task Force Interview, October 12, 2001
[32] FEMA WTC Study, ch. 5, p. 15; NIST NCSTAR 1-8 (2005), p. 109 et seq; “Both … standing”: History Commons; Michael Hess, meanwhile, in a BBC interview from 2008 claims that the reference to an “explosion” was just an inference.

2. Real-world arrival in NYC

[1] Panta 45 & 46: 84 RADES Radat Data; FAA-Tapes ZBW, 31R position; FAA-Tapes ZNY, R56 position; Panta 45 & 46 timeline (NARA);
[2] NYPD helicopters: NYPD Aviation Unit Flight Data Sheet; cf. Scott, The Longest Day; Relevant Reports: Cf. NCSTAR 1-8, The Emergency Response Operations, ch. 5, Roof Rescue and Aviation Operations; 9/11 CR, ch. 10, p. 291 et seq, 309 et seq; “nearly … outlet”:  Cf. the 9/11 Television Archive at the Internet Archive; Aviation 6 camera: FOIA Video Release by NIST, March 3, 2001
[3] 84 RADES radar data; FAA-Tapes ZNY, R56 position; FAA-Tapes N90, Departure position; Timothy Duffy MFR
[4] Documentaries: Seconds From Disaster: 9/11 by National Geographic; Flight 175: As the World Watched by TLC; Überleben am Tag X: Die Geheimpläne der US-Regierung by N-24
[5] Bill Beaury & Mike Curtin: Appel, The First Responders, p. 77 et seq. (Beaury presented the same recollection in Dean Murphy´s September 11, p. 157.); Michael Molina: Molina PANYNJ Memorandum, February 8, 2002, in: PA Police Reports Group 1, p. 69; Timothy Julian: Julian Task Force Interview, December 26, 2001; Richard Piciotto: Piciotto, Last Man Down, p. 41
[6] Kevin Darnowski: Darnowski Task Force Interview, November 9, 2001; Frank Puma: Puma Task Force Interview, December 12, 2001; Joseph Chiafari: Chiafari Task Force Interview, December 3, 2001
[7] Sean O´Malley: O´Malley Task Force Interview, December 6, 2001; Nell Mooney: DiMarco, Tower Stories, p. 214; Michael D´Angelo: D´Angelo Task Force Interview, October 24, 2001; Robert Larocco: Larocco Task Force Interview, October 12, 2001; Murray Murad: Murad Task Force Interview, October 4, 2001
[8] Pete Giudetti: Giudetti Task Force Interview, October 12, 2001; Jason Katz: Katz Task Force Interview, December 20, 2001; Dulce McCorvey: McCorvey Task Force Interview, October 3, 2001
[9] William Wall: Wall Task Force Interview, December 10, 2001; Jody Bell: Bell Task Force Interview, December 15, 2001; Robert Browne: Browne Task Force Interview, October 24, 2011
[10] Kimberly Morales; Murphy, September 11, p. 127 et seq; Dan Potter: Smith, Report from Ground Zero, p. 89; Mark Mazur: Mazur Task Force Interview, October 19, 2001; Jesse Lunin-Pack: DiMarco, Tower Stories, p. 160; NYPD detective: DiMarco, Tower Stories, p. 123
[11] Rudy Giuliani: Giuliani, Leadership, p. 14; Richard Sheirer: Testimony of Richard Sheirer before the 9/11 Commission, May 18, 2004; Bernhard Kerik: Kerik, The Lost Son, p. 339 et seq; 9/11 Commission Kerik MFR, April 6, 2004
[12] Michael Brodbeck: Brodbeck Task Force Interview, December 10, 2001
[13] George J. DeSimone: DeSimone Task Force Interview, October 22, 2001; Roger Smyth: DiMarco, Tower Stories, p. 245; Tonya Young: Murphy, September 11, p. 137 et seq
[14] Daniel Nigro: Smith, Decade of Hope, p. 4; Ada Rosario Dolch: Smith, Decade of Hope, p. 71 et seq

 

Literature

Appel, Anthea: The First Responders. The Untold Story of the New York City Police Department & Sept 11. Yakima: InnerCircle Publishing 2009

Barrett, Wayne/Collins, Dan: Grand Illusion. The Untold Story of Rudy Giuliani and 9/11. New York: HarperCollins 20072

DiMarco, Damon: Tower Stories. An Oral History of 9/11. Santa Monica: Santa Monica Press 20072

Dywer, Jim/Flynn, Kevin: 102 Minutes. The Untold Story of the Fight to Survive Inside the Twin Towers. New York: Times Books 2005

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): World Trade Center Building Performance Study. September 2002 Online

Fink, Mitchell/Mathias, Lois (Ed.): Never Forget. An Oral History of September 11, 2001. New York: HarperCollins 2002

Giuliani, Rudolph W.: Leadership. London: Time Warner 2003

Kerik, Bernard B.: The Lost Son. A Life in Pursuit of Justice. New York: Regan Books 2001

Kendra, James/Wachtendorf, Tricia: Elements of Resilience After the World Trade Center Disaster: Reconstituting New York City’s Emergency Operations Centre. In: Disasters 27 (1), pp. 37-53

Kendra, James/Wachtendorf, Tricia: Creativity in Emergency Response to the World Trade Center Disaster. In: Monday, Jacquelyn L. (Ed.): Beyond September 11th. An Account of Post-Disaster Research. University of Colorado 2003, pp. 121-146 Online

Merrill, Will G.: 9/11 Ordinary People: Extraordinary Heroes. NYC – The First Battle in the War against Terror. CreateSpace 2011

Miller, John/Stone, Michael/Mitchell, Chris: The Cell. Inside the 9/11 Plot, and why the FBI and CIA Failed to Stop it. New York: Hyperion 2002

Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI): Saving City Lifelines: Lessons Learned in the 9-11 Terrorist Attacks. MTI 2003 Online

Murphy, Dean: September 11. An Oral History. New York: Doubleday 2002

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States: Final Report. July 2004 Online

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): Final Reports from the NIST Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster. September 2005 & November 2008 Online

McKinsey & Company: Increasing FDNY’s Preparedness. McKinsey & Company 2002 Online

McKinsey & Company: Improving NYPD Emergency Preparedness and Response. McKinsey & Company 2002 Online

Naudet, Jules Clément/Naudet,Thomas Gédéon/Hanlon, James: 9/11. The Filmmakers’ Commemorative Edition. DVD 2002

New York Fire Department (FDNY): Oral Histories from September 11. Published by the New York Times in August 12, 2005 Online

New York Fire Department (FDNY): 9/11 Radio Dispatches. Published by Russ Kick´s The Memory Hole Online

Picciotto, Richard/Paisner, Daniel: Last Man Down. The Fireman’s Story. London: Orion Books 2002

Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ): Police Transcripts & Reports for 9/11. Published by Russ Kick´s The Memory Hole Online

Scott, Phil: The Longest Day. One Year after the Terrorist Attacks, a Squad of NYPD’s unsung Heroes Looks back. AOPA Pilot 45 (9), Sept. 2002, p. 80-83 Online

Smith, Dennis: Report from Ground Zero. Berkshire: Corgi 2002

Smith, Dennis/Smith, Deirdre: A Decade of Hope. Stories of Grief and Endurance from 9/11 Families and Friends. New York: Penguin 2011

Spencer, Lynn: Touching History. The Untold Drama that Unfolded in the Skies over America on 9/11. New York u.a.: Free Press 2008

Von Essen, Thomas: Strong of Heart: Life and Death in the Fire Department of New York. New York: Regan Books 2002

Wachtendorf, Tricia: Improvising 9/11. Organizational Improvisation Following the World Trade Center Disaster. University of Delaware 2004 Online

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